Do you know your enemy?
Some crawling insects can transmit diseases to humans and domestic animals. Here a list of the main crawling insects.
Ants, or Formicidae, are crawling insects of the order of Hymenoptera and represent a family of social insects living in colonies strictly divided in classes: workers (sterile ants) and reproductive ants (fertile females and males). The social diversification is also reflected in the physical aspect of ants.
Today it has been recognized around 20.000 species of ants all around the globe. The areas of higher presence are tropical ones, mainly due to the favorable climate conditions for the proliferation of ants.
Nests are mainly dug underground or in narrow cracks in walls.
Ants usually eat sweet substances, while in the reproductive period they look also for foods rich of proteins. Due to their food habits, ants can cover long distance far from the nest.
The reproduction is annual and the new ants, at the begging with wings, fly away for creating new colonies. After the reproduction, the male dies, while the female loses its wings and larva are bred by the queen. The metamorphosis cycle (egg, larva, pupa, adult) takes an average 2 months to be completed.
Ants, leaving in environments shared with humans, can be represent in some cases a danger for the men heaths, for the possibility of transmitting diseases.
Cockroaches are crawling insects of the order Blattodea also known as roach, that are dangerous vector of pathogens and allergies. Cockroaches live in colonies all over the world with night habits, in except of area over 2.000 mt height.
Their diet is various, because the food behaviour is different among species, but generally cockroaches are omnivorous.
The metamorphosis cycle is different depending on the specie, the nutrition and the climate. The three stages (egg, neanidi and adult) can be completed in a few months or three years.
There are over 4.000 species all around the world.