Flying insects

Do you know your enemy?

Some flying insects can transmit diseases to humans and domestic animals. Here a list of the main flying insects.

Mosquitoes

Mosquitoes are flying insect form the family Culicidae, which are characterised by the capacity of the female to suck the vital fluids of other animals. This is possible thanks to their tube-like mouthparts, called proboscis, which allows them to bite other animals, piercing their skin and extracting the essential proteins for the development of the eggs. As per this features, mosquitoes are vehicle of infections and diseases (also for human).
Today it has been recognised around 3.500 species of mosquitoes all around the globe. The areas of higher presence are tropical ones, mainly due to the favourable climate conditions for the proliferation of mosquitoes.
The habitat in which the mosquitoes live is different depending on the stage of the life cycle. In the larval phase and in the youth, they can be found in stagnant water, such as manholes, cans, saucers, drains, tires, fountains, ponds, tree holes, etc. In the adult age, they usually live in humid and green areas (hedges, grass, bushes, etc.). The mosquitoes, that mainly bait people, are attracted by: dark colours, the warmth of the body and the carbon dioxide (CO2) of the breath and of the sweat. They are active especially in the summer period in particular during the night, even if some species has daily habits (Tiger mosquitos).

Flies

From the order of Dipeteria, flies in the common language represent the “Musca domestica“. This flying insect lives in close contact with humans, being a vehicle of diseases, for its habits. Indeed the females spawn on organic materials (vegetable or animal) in decomposition or rot.
Larva looking for a dry environment for evolving in pupas and then adults. The four phases of metamorphosis (egg, larva, pupa and adult) require a different timing to be completed depending on the habitat, the temperature and humidity rate: form 8 up to 50 days. As adult, flies live 25 to 50 days, in areas with temperate climates.
Flies are active during the day or under artificial lights.
Adults fly per 3-4 km away from their nest, but they can reach distance of 30 km. They do not fly under 10 °C, are static around 4 °C and die at 0 °C. For this reason, flies are spread worldwide, in exception of the poles.

Wasps

Wasps are, flying insects of the order Hymenopter. They are a family of social insects strictly organized. Indeed, in each nest there is a reproductive class (the queens or fertile females and the male) and a working class (sterile females).
The females can be easily recognised by the venomous spine. Even if poisonous, the spine is used only as defensive tool. In some cases, the poison can be dangerous for the people, as it can cause serious allergies.
Nests are usually on tree branches, rocks, log holes, buildings or underground. They are divided into hexagonal cells and can have a very complex structure. Biggest nests can host up to 20.000 wasps.
The main food source is the flowers nectar, but sometimes wasps feed their larva with small insects or with the honey produced by themselves.  They are attracted by sweet food and drinks and by meat. This is way they nests are usually near houses, gardens, home sites, etc.

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